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Poly Cystic Ovary Syndrome or PCOS is becoming increasing prevalent. Women with PCOS develop abnormal levels of female hormones leading to problems like irregular menstruation, infertility or masculine changes in the body.
As the name suggests, PCOS results in multiple cyst formation in ovaries. These cysts, though mostly harmless lead to hormonal imbalances.
Usual symptoms of PCOS
PCOS symptoms often start showing up in women after their periods first begin (menarche). There are cases in which PCOS develops later during their reproductive years.
Though PCOS might affect each woman differently, some of the common symptoms in women with PCOS are:
PCOS also tends to be genetic and generally runs in families. Treatment of PCOS generally focuses on managing individual problems like infertility, weight gain, acne etc. The exact cause of polycystic ovary syndrome is unknown. So its early diagnosis may reduce the risk of long-term complications, such as diabetes and heart disease.
Women with PCOS tend to be at higher risk for Diabetes
Sedentary lifestyles, high calorie diet coupled with PCOS tend to put women at higher risk of Diabetes. Obesity can be considered both a symptom as well as a complication of PCOS. So it is a good idea for women with PCOS to get screened regularly for Diabetes and Cholesterol.
Weight-loss key to coping with PCOS
In addition to treatment, women with PCOS need to do eat health food and do regular exercises. Weight-loss can help restore the hormonal imbalance and assist in regulating the menstrual cycle.
Important to keep depression at bay
If the patient is sad or depressed, management of PCOS becomes even more difficult. Sometimes it becomes important to seek the help of a counsellor so don’t hold back and seek help if depressed.