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Dyslexia, also known as reading disorder, is the commonest form of learning disability accounting for 80% of all learning disability. It is characterized by trouble with reading unrelated to problems with overall intelligence.
Let us look at some of the factors associated with Dyslexia!
In early childhood, symptoms include delayed onset of speech, difficulty distinguishing left from right, difficulty with direction, as well as being easily distracted by background noise.
In late childhood, signs include difficulty in identifying or generating rhyming words, counting the number of syllables in words. Children may also show difficulty in segmenting words into individual sounds or may blend sounds when producing words, difficulties with word retrieval or naming things.
Problems persist into adolescence and adulthood and may accompany difficulties with summarizing stories, memorization, reading aloud, or learning foreign languages.
Dysgraphia: A disorder which primarily expresses itself through difficulties with writing or typing, but in some cases through difficulties associated with eye–hand coordination and direction or sequence-oriented processes such as tying knots or carrying out repetitive tasks.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: A significant degree of co morbidity has been reported between ADHD and reading disorders such as dyslexia. ADHD occurs in 12–24% of all individuals with dyslexia.
The exact cause is still unknown. Various theories have suggested the interplay of genetics and environmental factors as its causes.
There are tests that can indicate with high probability whether a person is a dyslexic. If diagnostic testing indicates that a person may be dyslexic, such tests are often followed up with a full diagnostic assessment to determine the extent and nature of the disorder.
Through the use of compensation strategies, therapy and educational support, dyslexic individuals can learn to read and write. There are techniques and technical aids which help to manage or conceal symptoms of the disorder.