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A normal, full-term pregnancy can range from 37-42 weeks and is divided into three trimesters. Each trimester lasts between 12 and 14 weeks i.e. around 3 months. Let us find out what's happening with you and your baby in these three stages.
First Trimester: Month One – Month Three
Symptoms of Mother: If you are ready to conceive, a missing period is a good sign for you and you are on right track. Some other indications for a pregnant woman include:
If you detect that you are pregnant, you can also try a home pregnancy test (about 95% to 98% accurate) or make a visit to your gynaecologist clinic with your reports that confirm you are pregnant.
Symptoms of Baby: As the first month comes to an end, your unborn baby is medically known as an embryo. He is having a heart, heart beat already felt. Finger-shaped growths of baby called ‘chorionic villi’ which grows into the uterine wall to link the embryo, and umbilical cord is now starting to form. Your baby size is almost of the size of a pea! First week for unborn baby is the most vulnerable, so it’s a good time to change your lifestyle. You have to stop smoking and avoid taking alcohol, checking your working environment as well as for hazardous conditions. Most important is to take care when handling pets!
Symptoms of Mother: As the second month comes to end, you begin to ‘feel pregnant’. Your breasts may be getting tender, and you may be experiencing morning sickness or nausea during the whole day. Don't get surprised by your changing behaviour or by the moodiness. Fatigue is also an issue throughout the first three months. You may be just a bit more tired than usual, or you may be so exhausted that 4-hour naps every afternoon are the rule. Those constant trips to the loo continue, no doubt Nature's way of training you to wake up several times during the night in preparation for your baby's feeding schedule!
Symptoms of Baby: Your unborn baby has now graduated to being called a foetus. His internal organs are already in place and ready for further development. If you have an ultrasound scan, you may see your baby wiggling and waving like mad, but you won't feel anything yet. An eight-week-old foetus already has distinct facial features.
Symptoms of Mother: Towards the conclusion of the third month, you ought to be starting to liven up a spot provided that you've encountered weakness. Morning sickness and incessant pee visits may as well both start to subside. At around twelve weeks, you may have your first visit to the antenatal facility. Please note that you are qualified for paid leave for antenatal checkups and classes. Various tests are carried out between 11 and 13 weeks. Your first ultrasound may be carried out at this point to verify the child's age. Different tests which screen for conceivable life commencement may take place i.e. Nuchal Translucency (NT) examination or a chorionic villus inspection.
Symptoms of Baby: By twelve weeks, your improving child is in the vicinity of 3 inches in length and still weighs less than an ounce. His/her eyes are totally shaped and his fingers and toes are coming to be dissimilar. The genital organs could be seen obviously with an ultrasound and the interior organs are working.
Second Trimester: Month Four – Month Six
Symptoms of Mother: As the fourth month of pregnancy comes to end, your breasts may still be delicate. You may experience extreme mind swings too.
Symptoms of Baby: The baby’s inward organs are now set up and primed for further advancement. In the ultrasound scan, you might see your unborn child trying to move around, yet you won't feel anything yet.
Symptoms of Mother: As the fifth month of pregnancy comes to end, you are getting greater each day, and throughout the fifth month you may as well begin to feel your infant's developments, which start as light, fluttery sensations. Your skin may become obscure and stretch marks might show up on your belly or bosoms. Your breasts might start to handle colostrum. Your gums may drain and you might have a congested nose. Vaginal release might expand throughout this time also.
Symptoms of Baby: As your baby muscles ended up stronger, he will move about all the more vivaciously, especially when you are attempting to get some rest! His teeth are now starting to structure inside his jawbone. He is in the vicinity of 10 inches in length and weighs approximately 12 oz. He might have some hair on his head and he can hold his clench hands. Eyebrows and eyelashes are developing.
Symptoms of Mother: As sixth month is finished, you may be noticeably pregnant. You will put on weight around this time, and you might feel overheated and sweaty as your blood supply builds. Your face might look flushed also. Your heart and lungs are working half harder than ordinary. You might have some ache in your ribcage as the infant starts to press upwards. Shortness of breath may accompany for the same reason. As your pregnancy advances, it is vital to support your body and take care of your feet and joints. Wear delightful shoes and dressing, rest with your feet up, and carry on your antenatal activities.
Symptoms of Baby: At 24 weeks, your child can suck his thumb and hiccup. He will have examples of rest and action which you will come to know. His skin has lost its translucent presence, however he still has not set out any stores of fat and is accordingly very thin.
Third Trimester: Month Seven – Month Nine
Symptoms of Mother: At the end of seventh month of pregnancy, your stomach develops further and you might observe more marks on your stomach or thighs. Heartburn might be an issue as your developing infant presses on your stomach. Some ladies have lower back pain or ‘sciatic ache’ as the mid-region develops bigger and the pelvic joints relax in readiness for delivery. Leg pains might represent an issue; satisfactory calcium in your eating methodology can offer assistance. You might feel easy compressions, called Braxton Hicks withdrawals. These withdrawals are a path to your uterus to ‘practice’ and don't imply the onset of labour.
Symptoms of Baby: Your child now weighs around 2 pounds and is 14-15 inches in length. His eyes are open and he can see. He is covered with a waxy substance called ‘vernix caseosa’ which secures his skin, and he is advancing a layer of fat which will help him to support his body temperature once he is conceived.
Symptoms of Mother: At this point you are beginning to feel a spot awkward as your middle of gravity movements and your stomach presses on to develop bigger. Attempt to stand up straight and practice great act constantly. Your ribs might start to feel sore as the child pushes up against them, and those steady excursions to the loo return as infant presses on your as of recently confined bladder. Your navel will vanish, and you might have a dull line, called the ‘linea nigra’, running down your midriff. You might have challenge resting, both due to your size and due to the movement of your child. Rest to the extent that you can! You might start antenatal classes, and now is a great time to start shopping for baby.
Symptoms of Baby: Your baby is in the vicinity of 16 inches in length and weighs around 3.5 pounds. His face is presently smooth, and he will be building on fat stores through the following weeks in planning for life outside the womb. Most children will have turned head around this time in plan for delivery. In the event that your infant was to be conceived now, he might 80% chances of survival.
Symptoms of Mother: This is the final month of pregnancy. In spite of the fact that you may be feeling as large as a house, your past digestive issues and shortness of breath may as well straight forwardness up as the infant's head drops into your pelvic cavity. Resting will come to be more troublesome, and you may be having more Braxton Hicks compressions, which will give you an opportunity to practice your breathing strategies.
You will likely be going to your antenatal facility at regular intervals. Attempt to rest as much as you can and abstain from standing for long time. You might have a substantial vaginal release; use sterile cushions for security, never tampons.
By the 40th week, you may feel extremely overwhelming and tired. You might have pain in your crotch and pins and needles in your legs as the child presses into your pelvis. Your skin might feel tight and extended. Braxton Hicks constrictions might build in recurrence and in quality, thus readying you for delivery.
Symptoms of Baby: The baby has now reached his final stages of preparation of a new life outside the womb. An ultrasound may reveal a lot of movement as the growing baby is making space for itself. If you are lucky, you may see him waving at you! His organs and body are now fully developed and he is now ready to commence a new life.