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In continuation to my earlier blog, we'll start with the most important resource which is required for our existence.
Are you aware that approximately 70% of our earth is water out of which only 1% of water is appropriate for human consumption? Are we not responsible to save this 'non renewable' resource as we cannot survive without it. We have population with rich water resources where same is being taken for granted and wasted. On the other hand, we have population living in famine struck areas where water is hardly available. Can we respect every type of population and this scarce resource on earth by respecting and conserving our most valuable resource for survival - WATER!
Saving this can be at many levels and if each and every human being starts saving each drop, then there is hope of survival for our future generations.
Saving water at your personal level can be in the following basic ways :
- Turning off tap in between brushing and washing hands in bathrooms can save a lot of water wastage
- Long showers are the worst ways of wasting water. Make them short and each time think of places where one hardly has water available
- Soaking in tub should be a complete no-no as it uses huge amount of water
- Water wasted by using mixer for shower area to achieve desired temperature can be collected in a bucket and used for watering plants, washing clothes or mopping of floors
- Using thermostats in bathroom prevent water wastage by maintaining water temperature at desired level
- Kitchen staff and those washing utensils in kitchen must be trained to turn tap off while scrubbing the vessels
- Water left after boiling or steaming vegetables, pasta, rice etc can always be kept back for cooling and watering plants with this nutrient rich water
- Water filled in jugs, pitchers and decanters during parties can be emptied out in pots with plants or in gardens with grass
- Wash vegetables and fruits in a bowl full of water rather than running a tap endlessly to wash them. This water can again be used for gardening purposes
- Water leakage of sanitary fitting and fixtures must be addressed on immediate basis
- Rain water harvesting should be mandatory for developments within high density rain areas
- Commercial usage of water must be checked on regular basis to ensure no wastage. These are the high scale wastage areas and therefore must be scrutinised carefully
- Festivities with idols being submerged must be changed logistically. Dedicated water tanks can be created for immersion of idols. Policies must be imposed on maximum size criteria and material being used for making the idols, to make them eco friendly and mainly to avoid water pollution. Do we have the right to pollute homes of the sea animals?
- Our festival of colours can be celebrated with dry eco friendly coloured powder with zero water usage
- Water used for washing cars, terraces and pavements must possibly be diverted to the greens if they are chemical free
- Watering plants early morning or post sun set prevents water from evaporating and reduces requirement of extra water for growing plants
- Hydroponics/aquaponics is the way forward to grow greens at home with minimum water requirement for maintaining the greens
Other ways to save water and bring down your water bills as per my knowledge as a LEED AP(by United States Green Building Council) in building design and construction are the following :
- Water supply requirement must be strictly calculated based on project type, gender ratio assumption, occupant type, fixture type, expected usage per person per day, flush and flow rate and many other such criteria and supplied accordingly to avoid extra water supply beyond calculated requirement
- Use water sense labelled or equivalent labelled(in countries other than U.S.) WC, urinals, faucets, shower heads etc.
- Use Energy Star rated or performance equivalent appliances such as clothes washing machine, clothes dryers and dishwashers
- Always run appliances on full load for economical water consumption
- Tankless toilets, Composting toilets, waterless toilets, waterless urinals and many faucets are being designed to avoid water wastage
- Aerators or flow restrictors with WaterSense label or equivalent rating work well to save water quantity within taps and shower heads
- High efficiency low-flow fixtures work well in the long run to prevent excess water usage
- WC with flush valves work better and must be prioritised for installation
- Regular metering of water usage through sub meters must be monitored to achieve better consumption rates
- Process water collected as waste from cooling towers, boilers and chillers can be treated and used for dishwashing and clothes washing
- Grey water(water from bathtubs, showers, bathroom wash basins, and water from clothes-washers and laundry tubs)
can be treated and re-used for various purposes
- Native vegetation or local plants saves water requirements for irrigation
- Xeriscaping is another way forward as it does not require much irrigation
- Hydrozoning also helps in saving water as plants with similar water needs are grouped together in this
- Drip irrigation helps saving water by sending water directly to plant roots than watering the entire area
Are you ready to look into your day to day life and start making the required difference?
Look at the next blog for how to save more resources...