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While most people think that “baby just happens”, not many know that our body functions in a very complicated manner to execute this process. Let us get familiar to some body parts in females which are responsible in the process of reproduction. I will explain these terms in very simple language, for any technical and scientific information you may refer to various websites or the doctor.
There are two ovaries in a female body, an almond size each. Ovaries release various sex hormones and are also responsible to produce ova i.e eggs. Each month during ovulation a fully grown egg is released and it travels from the ovary to the fallopian tube where it may fertilize before reaching uterus. You will find detailed explanation of Ovulation in another article which I will post after this.
The fallopian tubes are a pair of muscular tubes (left & right) that extend from the left and right superior corners of the uterus to the edge of the ovaries. The fallopian tubes end in a funnel-shaped structure and it carries egg released from ovary to uterus.
It is a hollow muscular organ located near urinary bladder. It is connected to two Fallopian tubes from its upper part; while it’s lower part is connected to vagina. This is the place where the fetus grows. Its job is to support and surround the growing fetus during pregnancy. The inner lining of the uterus, known as the endometrium, provides support to the embryo during early development. So when a woman doesn’t get pregnant in a particular cycle, the body does not require endometrium. Hence body starts shredding it in order to throw it out. This shredding is called as “mensuration” or “period”
These are the most important organs in a female reproductive system but there are other organs like vagina, vulva, breasts and mammary glands which play a role in the whole process of making a baby.
All these organs have to perform their tasks flawlessly and only then can a female conceive. Let us understand the sequence of their tasks.
Each month female produces eggs from ovaries. These eggs mature and travel through the Fallopian tubes towards uterus. If sperms are released (via intercourse or medical help) in her body around this time, the egg meets one of many sperms and may fertilize and becomes a zygote. After a period of about two weeks, it develops into the embryo which implants itself to the uterus and uterus supports and protects it and allows it to grow there. From here, the baby starts growing inside a female’s womb.
Now imagine the kind of efficiency and co-ordination these organs must have within them in order to make a pregnancy successful. If any of these organs are not functioning properly for any reason, a woman will not be able to conceive. Thus, these organs contribute to infertility in women in case they do not function properly.
Since science and technology has advanced to great height, there are lots of medical treatments available which can help these organs to resume their actions in a perfect manner. The key is to understand your body well and be able to report any unusual phenomenon to the doctor at the right time.
Now we learnt that infertility may arise out of a reproductive organ which doesn’t function properly. Now tell me how is it different than other bodily conditions like arthritis or a kidney failure which also is the outcome of an organ not functioning properly. Why do we makes such a big deal out of female infertility and talk nothing about arthritis and kidney failures?
I reiterate that Female Infertility is not a taboo; it is just a body condition. Do not outcast infertile women like you wouldn’t outcast women suffering from arthritis and kidney failures. Learn about female anatomy and spread awareness.
Click here to read my thoughts on whether Female Infertility is a taboo.
In my next post, we will learn more about ovaries and infertility.