Republic Day holds a special meaning to Indians. For many it’s a day when their country became a sovereign nation. For some, it means being glued in front of the TV and watching the parade in action on Doordarshan. Then there are those, who look at it as just another holiday to sleep in till late. Irrespective of how we spend our day it is that time of year when whole country feels proud to be an Indian. But how many of us and our kids know why do we celebrate Republic Day? It is the irony of our country that many of us don’t even understand the difference between 15th August and 26th January.
So here are some interesting facts about Republic Day that every child should know-
1.Significance of Republic Day
Republic day of India is celebrated on January 26 because on this day the constitution of India which was written by Dr Bheem Rao Ambedkar came into force. It was on this day in 1930 that ‘Purna Swaraj’ was declared. The Indian national congress and many other parties used to celebrate January 26 as a symbol of independence even before India became an independent nation.
2. The Preamble
A preamble of the Indian constitution is very similar to the preface of a book. Just like a preface gives us a brief outline and the central idea or theme of the respective book, the preamble gives us an overview of the constitution.It speaks about the type of society and government it aspires India and her citizens to have.
3. Longest Constitution in the World
No nation in this world has a constitution which is as long as our constitution. It is the longest constitution in the world. It is not possible to read our constitution in one day.
4. Number of Days Taken to Finalize the Constitution
Although a draft of the constitution of India was presented on November 4, 1947, it took 2 years, 11 months and 18 days to finalise the constitution of India. Two copies of the document were signed by the Assembly on January 24, 1950.
5.Our Constitution is Calligraphed
The constitution has not been printed, but calligraphed. There are two original copies, one in Hindi and one in English, which are preserved in the Parliament of India.
6. Best aspects from other countries
Our leaders took the best aspects from other countries' constitutions. The concept of liberty, equality and fraternity came from the French constitution while the Five-Year Plans came from the USSR constitution.
7. Many prestigious awards are given by President
Every year, the President of India addresses the Republic Day whereas ; the Prime Minister addresses the Independence Day.A majority of national awards such as Bharat Ratna, Padma Bhushan and Kirti Chakra are awarded during the Republic Day ceremony.
8. Celebrations in the capital
Republic Day is celebrated with much ado in the capital New Delhi with symbols of the country’s military might and cultural richness showcased in a majestic parade. The parade covers an 8km route beginning at Rashtrapati Bhavan all the way to India Gate and finishes at the Red Fort in Old Delhi.
9.Chief Guest of Republic Day 2016
To be celebrated on 26th January every year, each Republic Day has a chief guest. This year, the chief guest of Republic Day will be French President Francois Hollande.
10. How does celebration ends?
Republic Day Celebrations are a three day long affair. The celebrations end on January 29 with the Beating Retreat ceremony.
Sharing information about important national festivals help in instilling a sense of patriotism in children. There are many fun ways to celebrate it with your kids.
Happy Republic Day everyone !