FIRST 1000 DAYS OF NUTRITION
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|   Jun 19, 2017
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FIRST 1000 DAYS OF NUTRITION

A famous pediatrician has said nutrition journey of a kid rightly belongs from the point of conception till the child is born and later till the journey of the kids get completed for 730 days when he is brought to life. This is how the first 1000 days of journey gets complete. But when we are so confused of what to eat? Do we really think from this aspect. I clearly say No. it is always somebody had told me not to eat, or someone said you should avoid these food.... aare WHY THIS SOME ONE HAS TO BE THERE AND WHO IS SOMEBODY? WHO HAS GIVEN THE RIGHT TO SOMEBODY TO COMMENT ON SUCH SAYINGS WHERE THERE ARE GUIDELINE, RESEARCH WHICH SUPPORTS THE BASIC NECESSITY OF SURVIVAL OF LIFE. people focus from all aspects and if the right kind of nutrition is not given to the kids, there is a failure and there would be some developmental issues which needs to be paid attention.

 The right nutrition during this 1,000 day window has a profound impact on a child’s ability to grow, learn and thrive—and a lasting effect on a country’s health and prosperity.

Nutrition during pregnancy and in the first years of a child’s life provides the essential building blocks for brain development, healthy growth and a strong immune system. In fact, a growing body of scientific evidence shows that the foundations of a person’s lifelong health—including their predisposition to obesity and certain chronic diseases—are largely set during this 1,000 day window.

It is why it is critical that women and children get the right nutrition during this time. Malnutrition early in life can cause irreversible damage to children’s brain development and their physical growth, leading to a diminished capacity to learn, poorer performance in school, greater susceptibility to infection and disease and a lifetime of lost earning potential. It can even put them at increased risk of developing illnesses like heart disease, diabetes and certain types of cancers later in life.

The impact of poor nutrition early in life has lasting effects that can transcend generations. This is seen throughout the world as malnourished women given birth to malnourished daughters who grow up to become malnourished mothers themselves, thereby perpetuating the cycle.

The damage done by malnutrition during the first years of a child’s life translates into a huge economic burden for countries, costing billions of dollars in lost productivity and avoidable health care costs. But by focusing on improving nutrition during the critical first 1,000 days, much of the serious and irreparable damage caused by hunger and malnutrition can be prevented.

What are these first 1000 Days

It is a simple concept conceived by the World Health Organization (WHO) and now scientists, doctors and nutritionists the world over support it.

Take the 270 days of pregnancy and add 365 days of your baby’s first year plus 365 days of your baby’s second year: it’ll total to the first 1000 days of her life! Isn’t it easy to remember?

The importance of first 1000 Days for your baby’s health

Right nutrition will be very important for your baby her whole life. But the nutrition given during these first 1000 days will impact her lifelong growth, immunity and brain & vision development! Not only this, it’ll also prevent many serious health problems later in life. In other words, these first 1000 days are your biggest chance to secure a healthy future for your baby.

Right nutrition for a healthier generation

Right nutrition can help mothers give their babies a healthy head start in life. And if babies are healthy, they’ll grow on to become well-rounded individuals and productive members of the society. Now that you know about it,  talking to your friends about this simple concept to keep babies lifelong healthy. How does it work? it is very simple and easily explained .

The Most Important Nutrients for Babies and Toddlers

According to UNICEF, the most important nutrients for the brain development of young children in the first 1,000 days are:

  • protein
  • polyunsaturated fatty acids
  • iron
  • zinc
  • copper iodine
  • choline
  • folate and
  • vitamins A, B6, and B12 

Of all of these vitamins, UNICEF's researchers how absolutely crucial iron is in a child's diet. Case in point: nearly half of the world's preschool-aged children are anemic. And, for those children who are anemic, 50 percent of their symptoms are brought on by preventable iron deficiencies in early childhood.

Other Factors Worth Considering

Although nutrition plays a huge role in your child's early growth and development, it's not the only factor you need to keep in mind. Researchers also say that giving children adequate and nurturing care -- including proper stimulation, love and protection from stress and violence -- within the first 1,000 days also ensures that children grow to live healthier lives through to adulthood.

To combat nutritional concerns and encourage needed care, UNICEF LAUNCHED THE CAMPAIGNG #EATLOVEPLAY to teach parents across the world about the importance of the first 1,000 days of their new baby's life.

All parents share a common goal for their children—to grow up to be happy and healthy adults who achieve their full potential. To that end, parents want to give their children the very best start. At no other time in life is there a greater opportunity to impact so many aspects of a child’s development than during the “first 1,000 days” from pregnancy through 2 years of age. Proper nutrition during this period builds the foundation for brain development and lifelong health. It can mean the difference between a life of productivity or struggle, and sometimes, between life and death. Throughout the past decade, there have been rapid advancements in our understanding of how children develop and how nutrition and other experiences in early life impact long-term health outcomes.

New research in the fields of neuroscience and the early origins of adult health is shedding light on how our brains develop, how our bodies become susceptible to diseases and how our capacities and skills are either nourished or thwarted. The science of child development shows that children need three fundamental supports in order to thrive as adults: appropriate nutrition; stable, responsive relationships with caregivers; and safe, nurturing environments.2 When one or more of these supports is absent, a child’s physical, social, emotional and cognitive development can go awry, resulting in the loss of opportunities that are every child’s birthright. Poor nutrition early in life can have long-term consequences not only for the child but also for her family, her community and even her offspring. The effects can be felt at a societal level—from a less competitive workforce, to higher health care costs, to greater inequality of opportunity. Therefore, the nutrition of our youngest children should not be seen as simply a matter of parental responsibility but rather as a social and economic imperative.Nutrition fuels the growth and development of the brain early in life. It lays the foundation for cognitive abilities, motor skills and socio-emotional development which in turn profoundly influences success in school and economic opportunities later in life. The brain dominates the body’s metabolism in early life. A young child’s brain consumes two-thirds of all the calories his body uses at rest.6 During the first 1,000 days, the brain grows more quickly than at any other time in a person’s life. Throughout this time, the right nutrients are needed at the right time to feed the brain’s rapid development. Several nutrients in particular have profound and long-lasting effects on the brain (see call out “The Developmental Course of the Human Brain”). At every stage during the 1,000 day window, the rapidly developing brain is vulnerable to poor nutrition. Poor nutrition can damage the healthy development of the brain in two ways: first, directly through the absence of key nutrients required for proper cognitive functioning and neural connections and second, indirectly through the “toxic stress” experienced by a young child whose family has experienced prolonged or acute adversity, such as food insecurity. 

Chronic deficits in dietary quality can lead to maternal micronutrient deficiencies, that may be exacerbated by demands of normal pregnancy and lactation. While micronutrient imbalances may occur in any culture, micronutrient deficiencies and their health consequences are most pronounced in low income, undernourished regions of the world. Offspring are especially susceptible to micronutrient deficiencies from conception throughout gestation, and early postnatal life. While maternal dietary diversity is fundamental to sustained prevention against deficiencies, antenatal multiple micronutrient (MM) supplementation has been found to improve gestational health, evident by increased birth weight. This has been achieved by accelerated fetal growth, thus reducing small size for gestational age, or an extended gestation, thereby reducing preterm birth.Infant survival may also be improved. These effects suggest different pathways may be affected by a MM supplement under varied nutrition, disease and environmental conditions. Individual nutrient interventions may, in some regional conditions, improve embryo-fetal or infant survival, such as periconceptional vitamin E and folic acid, or newborn vitamin A and vitamin K supplement use. Improved obstetric care should accompany public health nutrition interventions that increase birth size in undernourished societies.

The 10 Building Blocks for Nutrition 

During the First 1,000 Days A Healthy First 1,000 Days Starts with Good Nutrition The science is clear about what children need during the first 1,000 days in order to grow, learn and thrive. Using the research and scientific evidence that we have just reviewed along with recommendations from WHO, AAP and other leading experts, we have identified a set of 10 “building blocks” for good nutrition in the first 1,000 days. These building blocks represent what every child needs to have the strongest start to life and all 10 of them are essential to healthy growth and development.

  1. A nutritious diet for mothers during pregnancy
  2. Exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months
  3. The right foods introduced to babies at the right times
  4. Water and other healthy beverages with no added sugars for toddlers
  5. Consistent access to enough nutritious food for families of young children
  6. Good care for all mothers during pregnancy
  7. Nurturing, responsive care and feeding of babies and toddlers
  8. A healthy and nutritious diet for babies and toddlers
  9. The right knowledge and skills for parents and caregivers to properly nourish young children
  10. Societal investments in the well being of every baby and toddler.

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